The Future of Urban Mobility: Trends in Shared Transportation

Under our base scenario, cities enact regulations to drive pooled ride-hailing growth at a modest pace. Consumers switch from individual vehicle usage to public transit or e-scooters instead, leading to less congested roads and freeing up parking spots for other uses.

Under certain scenarios, the arrival of shared autonomous electric vehicles could persuade consumers to switch from taxis and shuttles to autonomous taxis or shuttles for transportation purposes – thus contributing to greener mobility options.


Mobile phone technology has opened the doors for innovative transportation modes. From bike-sharing programs and taxi apps to shuttle services and micro transit, shared mobility is becoming more mainstream thanks to a surge in smartphone penetration and global internet use.

Sharing mobility seeks to decrease private car ownership and enhance urban air quality while simultaneously decreasing congestion and freeing up space for other uses, so cities must encourage sustainable travel through MaaS.

Mobility-as-a-Service platforms combine various transport options into one app, making it simpler for users to plan and book trips. These platforms typically include public transit, ridesharing services such as Uber and Lyft, peer-to-peer rental platforms like Turo and Getaround as well as micromobility options like electric scooters – making planning and booking trips much simpler for all involved. By having just one app to access all these various options can save both time and money!


Communication technology has led to an exponentially rising demand for shared mobility services, yet vehicle sharing alone cannot fully address transportation gridlock and environmental concerns. FHWA is working closely with stakeholders in order to develop innovative multimodal travel options which are safe and cost-efficient for users of shared mobility devices.

Micro-mobility refers to lightweight electric vehicles such as e-bikes and e-scooters available for shared use – these devices can be used both recreationally and professionally; their benefits include reduced traffic congestion and emissions reduction.

These vehicles are cost-effective and convenient, yet competing for curb space with pedestrians, conventional cars and TNC vehicles can create safety hazards and make widespread deployment more expensive and complicated. To address these concerns, cities should implement equity mandates and incentives so all residents have equal access to these vehicles – for example requiring companies to distribute vehicles evenly throughout their operating zone and offering alternative payment methods for low-income communities.

Outdated infrastructure

As shared mobility becomes more widespread, cities must upgrade outdated infrastructure to support this trend. They may require adding additional parking spots as well as reconfiguring existing ones to better suit multiple modes. Furthermore, bike lanes and other forms of alternative transportation might need to be implemented as well.

Consumers increasingly prioritize sustainability when making transportation choices, leading to an upsurge in pooled ride-hailing and public transit options, as well as more people using e-bikes. But the future of shared mobility ultimately depends on various factors including regulatory policies and technological innovations.

McKinsey’s model predicts that passenger miles traveled via shared vehicles could reach $500 billion to $1 trillion by 2030, depending on various factors. Cities, automakers, and mobility players should formulate an action plan to take full advantage of these opportunities; new funding and equity-centered design approaches should also be explored so consumers have access to services they need for getting around town.

Commercial disruption

As cities around the world expand and develop, transportation options must adapt accordingly. Consumer demand for convenience, sustainability, and cost-effectiveness have led to shared mobility services which may reshape how people travel in urban centers.

As online shopping becomes more prevalent, last-mile freight distribution has become an increasing challenge. As a result, traditional trucks and vans have given way to fleets of on-demand vehicles for last mile delivery.

Many cities are creating mobility hubs to provide intermodal transfer and promote sustainable modes of transport, and as a result, the global market for shared mobility is surging at an astonishing rate and could reach between $500 billion to $1 trillion by 2030 according to McKinsey analysis. Shared mobility will ultimately reshape transportation systems to make them more efficient while helping address environmental and safety concerns related to rapid urban growth; furthermore it improves accessibility while decreasing traffic congestion.

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